The work to do season by season

Gardeners know it well: to grow flowers or vegetables, you have to be patient and bend to the rhythm of the seasons. You must know how to forecast and anticipate spring blooms from the beginning of the year. Here is a small garden calendar to find out what work to do, month by month.

In Winter


In March, you can mow again: make a first mowing of your lawn not too short. Sprout potatoes for planting in the garden. You can also sow peas.


In February you can already plant biennials like thoughts or primroses. You can also force canna and begonia and trim wisteria.


January is a month of rest for the garden. It’s a good time to tide-up the garden shed and clean the tools.

You can also :

  • check the mulching on the vegetables in place and add as needed
    prune trees
  • carve your fruit trees (apple and pear in particular) with Bordeaux mixture
  • prune your pips fruit trees like orange and lemon trees.

In Spring


In June, slightly prune the shrubs after their flowering: lilacs, laburnums, brooms and syringat in particular. You can plant zucchini, peppers, potatoes, cucumbers and melons. Remember to regularly weed and spray during the warmer hours (in the morning or in the evening).


In May, it’s time to plant some herbs and bloom your balcony for the summer. You can already transplant your tomato plants. As for flowers, you can make cuttings of hydrangea and lilac and sow annual flowers: poppy, marigolds, cosmos and carnations of India among others …


Fine your land with compost or manure. You can now plant shrubs in containers, roses and dahlias and summer bulbs such as gladioli and freesias … You can also plant annual flowers.

In Summer


In September, plant climbing plants and evergreen shrubs. They will allow you to create hedges.


In August, it’s time to make cuttings on “semi-august” wood. You can multiply in this way the buddleia (or butterfly tree), honeysuckle or wisteria.

Also start sowing your vegetables for the fall and winter: carrots, salads (lettuce, lamb’s lettuce, batavia, escarole), radishes, onions, cabbages, spinach and turnips. You can also cut your eggplant, peppers and melons to produce more.


In July, spray regularly your garden, preferably in the early morning. Check your potted plants as the soil dries faster. For your stews, you can also add fertilizer to the water once a week.

Avoid mowing the lawn when the sun is stronger so it will not to burn it. You can transplant your geraniums and prune your coniferous hedges.

In Autumn


In December, you can force bulbs like hyacinth and amaryllis.

  • order your seeds for spring
  • treat roses against rust with Bordeaux mixture
  • trim the hedges
  • feed the wild birds.

In November you can continue planting hedgerows, heather, chrysanthemums and spring bulbs. You can amend the land with manure or compost.


In October, mow one last time your lawn not too short. Collect the dead leaves for compost.

Remove the faded annuals. Dig up the tubers of dahlias, gladioli and cannas and store them in a cool, dark place.

It’s time to plant perennials and bare root roses. Finally, do not forget to bring in plants that fear the cold: begonias, geraniums, fuchsias and lantanas, for example.